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How to recognize schizoaffective disorder

How to recognize schizoaffective disorder

Mental Health
Schizoaffective disorder is a condition characterized by the presence of characteristic symptoms of psychosis and altered mood. Generally, this disorder usually has its onset in adulthood, although it may occur in adolescence. There are several treatments for this disorder, as appropriate, will recommend the use of antipsychotic medications, sedatives, antidepressants, among others.
It can also be recommended to accompany psychotherapy medical treatment. Here we present, how to recognize schizoaffective disorder.


Symptoms. For a continuous period of time, the person experiences some psychotic symptoms together with the appearance of a major depressive episode, manic or mixed episode. To himself, during the period that lasts the disorder, the person has experienced over two weeks at least, delusions and hallucinations, in the absence of major affective symptoms.

Psychotic symptoms. For at least a month the person has experienced any of the following symptoms: delusions (usually, it’s paranoid delusions), hallucinations (often, are auditory), disorganized speech (language is inconsistent), disorganized behavior. There is impaired perception of reality that affects a person in many ways.

Affective symptoms. During the period that lasts schizoaffective disorder, there has been a major depressive episode, manic or mixed episode. In the case of major depressive episode, it must have at least a duration of two weeks, as the mixed and manic, its duration should be at least 1 week.

Home and duration. This disorder usually begins in adulthood and tends to remain for at least six months. Psychotic symptoms usually appear during the first two months. The following 3 months, affective symptoms are combined with psychotic symptoms, so that finally, in the last month alone psychotic symptoms occur again.

Subtypes. Within the schizoaffective disorder, there are two subtypes that are determined by the predominant affective disorder. Thus, there is a bipolar type, when a manic or mixed episode schizoaffective disorder or depressive type, when the mood disorder that occurs corresponds to a major depressive episode.

Daily life. The person who crosses a schizoaffective disorder experiences a deterioration of their work, social and family life. It is common that the person begins to have difficulty caring for himself, slowly begin to isolate and lower work performance. It is also important to note that there is an increased risk of suicide.

Treatment. First, it is clear that it is of utmost importance concur with a specialist doctor for a proper diagnosis. Treatment usually involves the use of certain medications to treat the symptoms, such as: antipsychotics, antidepressants, anxiolytics, among others. At the same time, psychotherapy is recommended to accompany and complement the consumption of these drugs.


If you think someone has symptoms of schizoaffective disorder, consult a specialist

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